Historically, the wedding ring was attached to the trade of valuables in the intervening time of the wedding in place of a logo of everlasting love and devotion, a sign of “earnest money”. According to the 1549 version of the Book of Common Prayer: after the words ‘with this ring I thee wed’ follow the words ‘This gold and silver I give thee’, at which point the groom was supposed to hand a leather purse crammed with gold and silver coins to the bride.  It is a relic of the days when marriage was a freelance between families, not individual lovers. Both households were then desperate to make sure the financial safety of the young couple. Sometimes it went as far as being a conditional exchange as this old (and today old) German formulation shows: ‘I provide you with this ring as a sign of the marriage which has been promised between us, provided your father gives with you a wedding component of 1000 Reichsthalers’. Post-wedding customsA gold banded engagement-marriage ceremony-anniversary ring mixture welded in combination. Limited gold content in the United KingdomIn 1942 during the Second World War, British wartime restrictions on the manufacture of jewellery led to “utility” marriage ceremony rings that were restricted to a maximum mass of two pennyweights, being a bit heavier than 3 grams, and were forged of 9 carat gold instead of the traditional 22 carat.  The Regional Assayer Office hallmarked these rings, which guaranteed their gold content and compliance with the wartime rules with a special utility mark adjacent to the mark for the year on the inside the band; the hallmark resembled a capital “U” with the bottom curve absent or two parentheses enclosing a space, i. e. , “( )”. Double-ring riteThe double-ring ceremony describes the exchange of wedding rings by and for both spouses. In a few European nations similar to the Nordic countries, it’s common to trade plain engagement rings of an analogous form for both sexes, and customarily, an extra, more valuable, and bejeweled marriage ceremony ring is given to the bride.