In a few European nations corresponding to the Nordic nations, it is not uncommon to trade plain engagement rings of an identical form for both sexes, and typically, an additional, more precious, and bejeweled marriage ceremony ring is given to the bride. In the nuptials, the groom’s ring becomes a marriage ring also, and might be bestowed anew by the bride as a part of the marriage ceremony. The engagement is frequently an issue of settlement among the two, and the marriage rings are chosen together. Both engagement and marriage ceremony rings are worn on the left hand, the bride having both rings in combination. Occasionally, the groom receives a separate wedding ring. In Germany and Austria, both parties use engagement rings worn on the left hand. Compositions and stylesIn Western countries, wedding rings are often forged of rose, white, or yellow gold; palladium, platinum, argentium silver, or, more these days, silicone.  The perpetuity of noble metals symbolizes the permanence of the wedding. Common engravings on the within the ring include the name of one’s spouse, the names of both spouses, the date of the marriage, and/or a phrase of significance to the spouses.  In many nations the engagement rings are plain while the bride’s marriage ceremony ring frequently is bejeweled. Some customs consist of the wedding ring as the final of a series of gifts, which also may encompass the engagement ring, traditionally given as a betrothal latest. This custom was practiced in ancient Rome and is perhaps much older.